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INTRODUCTION


The geography
Treglia is in the central side of Monte Maggiore's massif. It is a little hamlet of Pontelatone's commune. The territory of this commune measures 3045 hectares and its inhabitants are 2000 about, with a density that is smaller than those of others Campania's areas. It borders to north with Roccaromana, to East with Liberi and Castel di Sasso, to South with Capua and West-North with Bellona, Camigliano, and Formicola. Moreover, it is about twenty kilometers from Caserta.

The orography
A lot of Treglia's territory is mountainous with very little level areas. The physical conditions of the ground ensue from the genesis of the Apennines. The mountains are prevalently calcareous, while in the zones at less altitude there are often brown grounds and not very deep. Into basins of Treglia's glens there are wide layers of volcanic grounds. Under the volcanic layer there is a tufaceous layer that can be easly processed. In fact, in the past it was corroded to yield the little tufaceous bricks.

The hydrography
Treglia is crossed lengthwise by the Rio Maltempo torrent that receives the water of some streams.

The climate
It is mild, sunny and the ranges of temperature are very slight. The middle temperature go around 4,3 C in January and to 28,6 C in August. The temperature not very high, the neighbouring woods that make the air cool and the constant presence of the light valley's breeze make the summer stays pleasant and ideal for the psycho-physical recovery. The yearly system of the rains is between 1000 and 1200 mm of the rain; the more rainy months are November and December, while the driest ones are June and July.

The phytoclimatic classification
We can consider the low part of Treglia in the Lauretum zone and the high part in the Castanetum zone. In fact, the forest essences more widespread in the Treglia's neighbouring woods are the ilex, the little oak, the Turkey oak, the ash, the hornbeam and the manna ash. In the Castanetum zone there are the famous chestnut woods of the Campole locality.


 

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